5 Chronic Diseases to Watch Out For in Children

Caring for your children’s health is of utmost importance as parents. While some illnesses are unavoidable, it’s crucial that we are aware of chronic diseases that affect kids and the early signs to look out for. Here is an overview of five common chronic diseases in children that could impact your family – from asthma to diabetes; understanding symptoms and treatments available is invaluable in making sure they lead healthy lives! Now is the time to take charge and ensure their well being against chronic disease!

Photo by Towfiqu barbhuiya on Unsplash


Asthma in children is a chronic respiratory condition often manifesting itself through wheezing, breathlessness and coughing episodes. Children may also experience chest tightness or pain and fatigue associated with difficulty breathing. Early identification and managing asthma attacks in children includes avoiding triggers like environmental pollutants or allergens as well as using medications like an inhaler.


Diabetes may affect people of any age, though most commonly affects children between 5-10 years of age. Diabetics experience high glucose (blood sugar) levels which cause frequent urination, excessive thirst, hunger and weight loss. Left untreated, long term complications such as heart disease and stroke may develop; to protect oneself against this risk it’s crucial that diet modifications and medication be administered as effectively as possible. Diet changes include restricting sugar and processed food consumption, increasing fibre and nutrient-rich foods and maintaining a healthy weight. Medication may include insulin injections as well as oral medication to regulate blood sugar levels; regular visits with your child’s physician are necessary to ensure their diabetes is being managed effectively.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a neurological condition, most frequently seen among preschool-aged children. Common symptoms may include difficulty focusing or concentrating, hyperactivity, impulsiveness and forgetfulness or carelessness. Treating ADHD may involve both medication and behavioural therapy, including stimulants like Ritalin or Strattera to control symptoms. Additionally, behavioural therapy includes techniques such as positive reinforcement to assist a child with ADHD in remaining focused and learning how to control his or her behaviour. Regular contact between you and your child’s doctor is crucial to assess treatment success as well as make necessary changes if any.

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD)

Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurological condition affecting children of all ages; however, most often seen among preschool aged children. Common symptoms associated with ASD can include difficulty socialising with others, repetitive patterns of behaviour and low verbal communication skills as well as deficits in nonverbal forms of communication such as eye contact. Treatment options for ASD may include both medication and behavioural interventions. Medication may help alleviate symptoms associated with the disorder while behavioural interventions focus on teaching skills and offering coping mechanisms for individuals. Communicating regularly with your child’s doctor is vital in order to assess treatment success and make adjustments as necessary. As part of an effective support plan for an individual with ASD, it can also be advantageous to consult a behavioural therapist who can offer guidance as to the most suitable ways of supporting him/her. It’s important to keep in mind that each individual with autism varies considerably and so their treatment will vary accordingly; with proper care and assistance however, those living with autism can lead fulfilling lives.


Epilepsy is a neurological condition wherein individuals experience repeated seizures due to abnormal electrical activity in their brain. While its exact cause remains unknown, potential triggers could include head trauma, stroke, brain tumours or genetic factors. Epilepsy symptoms can range from mild to severe and depend on the individual. Some examples include changes in behaviour or speech, loss of consciousness, uncontrollable muscle movements and confusion. It’s usually managed using medications designed to control seizures. Individuals living with epilepsy must also seek lifestyle counselling to manage their condition more effectively, such as advice on diet, exercise and sleep patterns; additionally it could include ways of decreasing stress. Surgery may be used to address the root cause of seizures and reduce their frequency or severity. Neurofeedback and cognitive behavioural therapy may also be used to assist individuals in managing seizures and improving quality of life. Living with epilepsy can be challenging, but with appropriate support it is possible to lead a fulfilling and satisfying existence.

Photo by Vitolda Klein on Unsplash

In summary, child chronic diseases must be taken seriously by parents. Early diagnosis and treatment are key components in successfully managing any chronic condition; parents should never hesitate to seek medical advice for their children’s wellbeing. Living with chronic illness does not spell death – there are plenty of resources and people out there willing to offer support and guidance that will enable children to lead fulfilling lives despite chronic diseases.

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